A woman has to go through many changes and she also faces a number of problems during pregnancy. Such problems may cause irritation and discomfort. A pregnant woman becomes worried whenever she faces any problems during her pregnancy. Most of the problems are common and happens to everyone so there is nothing to worry about but if there is something that concerns you and you feel disturbed then you should consult a doctor to discuss the issue. Following are some of common problems in pregnancy that most of pregnant women face and the ways/ coping strategies that can be used to deal with such problems:
Backache is one of common problems in pregnancy. During pregnancy, ligaments stretch and prepares for labor. It is a common problem to feel pain in lower back. Pain in lower back can be avoided by not lifting heavy objects, by bending knees and keeping back straight while picking up anything, wearing flat shoes, balancing weight while carrying two bags during shopping, sitting with a support, taking rest, using good quality mattress, massage and in case of too much pain then consult a doctor to give you some exercises.
It is a sudden painful tightening in a muscle and is a common problem during pregnancy. It mostly occurs at night time but the reason is not known that why it happens. This problem can be avoided by regular and gentle exercises which will improve circulation and reduce these cramps.
3. Feeling Faint
Pregnant women often feel faint because of two reasons. One is hormonal changes and other is low level of oxygen. One may feel faint right after suddenly getting up. Pregnant women should get up slowly and should not lie flat on back. In this way this problem of getting faint can be reduced.
4. Feeling Warm
Pregnant women feel warmer as compared to others. The cause of such type of feeling is an increased blood supply and hormonal changes taking place in body of a woman during her pregnancy. Increased sweating also occurs. During pregnancy, this problem can be reduced by staying in a cool environment, wearing loose and easy clothes and by frequent washing to feel fresh.
Getting a lot of headaches during pregnancy is a minor problem. Pregnant women should relax and take more rest. Before taking any painkiller, one should consult a midwife or a doctor and also ask the dose that you should take. Taking any painkiller without doctor’s consultation can be dangerous and should be avoided.
6. Incontinence/ Increased Urination
Frequent urination is a common problems in pregnancy. Involuntary leakage can occur during a laugh, sneeze or cough. This problem is curable and a doctor should be consulted to know what should be done in case of more urination and in case this problem is causing a feeling of worry.
7. Indigestion and Heartburn
The growing size of uterus presses against the stomach. A burning pain in chest in another problem. To avoid this problem, women in pregnancy should eat smaller meals from time to time and should sit straight while eating. Spicy foods should not be taken in large quantity and food before going to bed at night should also be avoided. Medicines should be taken after consulting doctor.
Itching occurs on abdomen due to increased blood supply. Abdomen skin stretches in later months of pregnancy which also causes itching. Wear loose and easy clothes and regularly apply a good moisturizer on skin to avoid this problem. If itching severely increases, then talk to your doctor about this issue so that doctor will suggest something to get rid of this problem.
Piles are hemorrhoids. These are swollen veins around back passages that may feel itch and ache causing extreme discomfort. It also makes pregnant women feel uncomfortable while going to toilet. This problem goes away in weeks after birth. You can feel ease by taking fiber rich diet like fruits and vegetables and by drinking plenty of water. This will also help in preventing constipation that can make this problem worse.
10. Disturbed Sleeping Patterns
Problem of frequent urination can cause discomfort and disturbed sleep. Other things that can disturb sleep during pregnancy can be strange dreams or nightmares about birth. The best way to deal with such problems is to talk about it.
11. Stretch Marks Patterns
These are pink or purplish lines on abdomen, legs and other body parts. One can get such lines during pregnancy depending on the skin type. These lines appear when weight gain is more than normal. After the birth of baby, these marks become pale and gradually go away.
12. Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are swollen veins and veins in legs are mostly affected in this condition. To avoid this problem, try antenatal exercises like walking which can help ease the problem of varicose veins during pregnancy. Also avoid standing for longer periods of time
13. High Blood Pressure and Pre-Eclampsia
Blood Pressure is checked at every antenatal appointment. Rise in blood pressure is a sign of preeclampsia. A pregnant woman suffering from this condition will have headaches, vision problems, vomiting, and sudden swelling on face, hands and feet. It can be life threatening if left untreated. This problem can also cause fits. One should consult the doctor immediately if any such symptoms are noticed.
14. Slow Baby Growth
Slow baby movements are not a good sign. It is a sign that baby is unwell. In such cases, early delivery is also possible. During antenatal appointments, baby movements are checked and doctor asks for record.
15. Ectopic Pregnancy
Bleeding can be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage. But it’s not always the case and many women who bleed can have normal and successful pregnancies. It is better to consult a doctor if a pregnant woman faces any such problem.
It is important to take care of yourself during pregnancy. All above are the common problems in pregnancy but still it is important to discuss with your doctor if you feel depressed and anything that concerns you as it can prevent any complications in pregnancy.
Read Also: First Trimester of Pregnancy