Breech Pregnancy – Types of Breech Position


Most of the babies are in a head-down position ready for birth in the last month of pregnancy. This normal position is called as “vertex” or “cephalic” position. It’s something common that your baby is in a breech position before 35 or 36 weeks gestation. Most babies turn to head down position before the last month of pregnancy. Your healthcare provider will check your baby’s position in the second and third trimesters. Your doctor feels your abdomen and checks whether your baby is in a head-down position or not. The doctor confirms breech position through an ultrasound scan. In a breech position, a baby is in a bottom-down head-up position.

Types of Breech Position

There are three types of breech pregnancy positions. These positions are frank breech, complete/flexed breech, and fooling breech.

  • Frank breech: In this position, the baby’s legs are straight up in front of its body in a V shape, so its feet are up near its face.
  • Complete/flexed breech: In this position, the baby is in a sitting position with its legs crossed in front of its body and its feet near its bottom.
  • Footling breech: In footling breech, one or both baby’s feet are hanging below its bottom so the feet come first.

Cesarean Birth

The safest way to have a baby is a normal delivery. Some breech babies can turn naturally in head-down positions in the last month of pregnancy. Women in such a condition with baby in a breech position are often encouraged by healthcare providers to go for the option of cesarean birth.

How to Know if Baby is Breech? Video

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